Mishna Berura Summaries

Siman 46

  1. It is very proper, before Shachris, to say: “Modeh ani l’fanecha Hashem elokai vaylokay avosai shehotsaysani may’afayla l’ora” (BeH Siman 1 “shey’hay”)
  1. When in the courtyard of the shul, say “Bais Elokim nehalaych berogesh” just before entering and prepare yourself with excited fear. Pause a bit and say “Va’ani berov chasdecha avo vaysecha eshtachaveh el haychal kodshecha beyirosechah.” After that enter. (ShaT1)
  1. It is forbidden to benefit from this world without a beracha, therefore Chazal instituted the following berachos:
  • for finishing to sleep … Elokai neshama
  • for hearing a rooster crow… Hanosayn lasechvi vina
  • for getting dressed… Malbish aroomim
  • for opening your eyes… Pokaych ivrim
  • for sitting up… Matir asoorim
  • for standing up… Zokayf kefoofim
  • for resting your feet on the ground… Roka haaretz al hamayim
  • for putting on your shoes… Sheossa li kol tzorki
  • for walking… Hamaychin mitzaday govayr
  • for buckling your belt or putting on pants… Ozayr Yisroel bigvoora
  • for putting on your head covering… Otayr Yisroel besiffara
  • for washing your face… Hamaavir shayna…gomel chasodim tovim le’amo Yisroel. (ShA1 – MB1,2,8)
  1. The order of Birchos Hashachar is not m’akev. (MB16,20)
  1. Pause a bit between the word “Elokai” and the word “neshama”. (MB3)
  1. The “Vihi ratzon” after Hamaavir shayna should be in the plural. e.g. shetargilaynu. (MB10)
  1. The custom is to say the above berachos in order only after coming to shul. Each person should say them himself without relying on the chazzan. (ShA2-MB13)
  1. A person is obligated to recite at least one hundred berachos every day. That can be fulfilled easily on a normal weekday, but on Shabbos you will be missing thirteen, therefore make them up with eating fruit and treats. If you don’t have, then you can fulfil them by having intention to listen to the birkos hatorah and maftir and answering omen. (MB14)
  1. On Yom Kippur you will still be missing three berachos, so complete them with berochos on bessomim, asher yotzar, or maybe even by listening to chazoras hashatz. (MB14)
  1. You need to bless every day “shelo asani goy”, “shelo asani oved”, and “shelo asani isha”. Women instead say, “sheasani kirtzono”. (ShA4)
  1. The custom is to bless “hanosayn layoayf koach”. (ShA6)
  1. If you were awake all night and did not sleep even 30 minutes, don’t say Elokai neshama nor Hamaavir shayna – rather get someone else to be motzi you. (MB24)
  1. We are accustomed not to say any pesukim, even by way of supplication, before birkas haTorah. Therefore, say birkas haTorah before saying selichos. (MB27)
  1. When saying “Shema Yisroel” (after birchos hashachar) say it with “Boruch shaym…” and have intention not to fulfil the mitzva until later with the tzibbur when they say all three paragraphs and with the birchos krias shema. (MB31)
  1. If you are afraid that the tzibbur will be reciting the Shema after it’s time – have intention to fulfil it now and say the whole first paragraph – make sure you have your tefillin on. It’s even better to read all three paragraphs in order to also fulfil the mentioning of yetzias mitzraim within the time of krias shema. (MB31,33)
  1. If you are afraid that the tzibbur will not be reciting the Shema even within the fourth hour, read the Shema and its berachos by yourself on time and daaven Shacharis by yourself. (MB32)

16.      If you see you don’t have time to don tefillin before sof zman krias shema, say krias shema without the tefillin. (MB 33)