Mishna Berura Summaries

Siman 156 – Going to work / Miscellaneous

  1. After learning, go to work so you will not become impoverished. That is likely to make you transgress Hashem’s will. (ShA 1)
  2. Your job should be secondary to your Torah learning. Therefore consider how long you must work each day to provide what is truly necessary. Don’t’ be fooled by the yetzer hora – imagine you have to provide for someone else, that amount you should provide for yourself. (ShA 1 – MB 2 – ShaH 3)
  3. In every generation there are individuals who do not need to go work. They are dedicated to learning Torah only and Hashem provides for them. (BeH “sofa”)
  4. If someone supports you, you do not have to go to work, similar to the arrangement of Yissochor and Zevulun. (BeH “sofa”)
  5. All of your character traits should be balanced. For example: Do not be too miserly but don’t spend too much either. Arrogance and anger are two exceptions – you should be extremely humble and don’t ever get angry. (MB 1)
  6. Be honest in your business. There shall be found no thievery nor deceit in it.        (ShA 1 – MB 4)
  7. Avoid mentioning Hashem’s name in vain and making oaths, even if they are true. (ShA 1)
  8. We are maykil to be business partners with the gentiles of these days. Certainly doing business with them is permitted unless it is on one of their festivals. (Rama 1)
  9. If someone greets you with “Shalom” in the street, survey the area – if it is clean respond “Alaychem Shalom” – if not, respond “Bracha tova”. (ShaT 1)
  10. It is a transgression to say something without quoting who said it previously. (ShaT 2)
  11. It is a mitzva to cleave to chachomim and their students. Marry a talmid chochom’s daughter, marry off your daughter to one, eat and drink with them, do business with them, and connect to them in every way. (MB 4)
  12. Love your fellow Jew. Praise him (not in front of his enemy), protect his possessions and his honor. (MB 4)
  13. If you see a Jew transgress a well-known sin and he did not accept rebuke, he is categorized as a rasha and there is a mitzva to hate him. (MB 4)
  14. There are two positive mitzvos to love a convert. (MB 4)
  15. One who secretly dislikes another Jew transgresses a negative mitzva. He will not be in violation if he hits, insults and/or embarrasses his adversary. However he will be transgressing. a different laav. (MB 4)
  16. If someone harms you, you have a mitzva to verbalize a rebuke to him so that nothing remains inside. Never-the-less, be gentle and do not embarrass him in the process. (MB 4)
  17. Whoever harms a widow or orphan (from mother or father) physically, emotionally, or monetarily transgresses a laav. If you harm them for their own sake (e.g. rebbe to talmid) it is allowed, just be more gentle than usual. (MB 4)
  18. Once an orphaned child grows up to be completely independent like other adults, he loses his status of an orphan for the above din. (MB 4).
  19. If you speak words that could spread and cause harm to someone either physically, financially, or emotionally – it is loshon hora. Look into sefer Chofetz Chaim for details. (MB 4)
  20. Do not support machlokes. (MB 4)
  21. We have been warned not to withhold from being kind and charitable with our possessions just because others did not treat us kindly with their possessions. (MB 4)
  22. Lend possessions to someone who would not lend you – don’t even mention the past. (MB 4)
  23. Say vidui for any chayt you may have done. (MB 4)
  24. Do not eat and drink like a glutton. (MB 4)
  25. Do not put forth lowly words from your mouth. (MB 4)
  26. Do not give bad advice. (MB 4)
  27. Stay clear from mockery, flattering people, and falsehood. You are allowed to change the truth for the sake of shalom and for other reasons listed in Choshen Mishpat siman 262. (MB 4)
  28. Do not flatter evildoers for their wrongdoings just because you fear them – unless you are afraid they may kill you. (MB 4)
  29. Judge people favorably. (MB 4)
  30. Do not suspect the innocent. (MB 4)
  31. Do not substitute words of Torah for disgraceful or jestful words. (MB 4)
  32. Emulate Hashem to the best of your ability. Be gracious, compassionate, etc. (MB 4)
  33. Study the books (especially Sefer Charaydim) that count the 613 mitzvos, gain expertise in them, and you will be able to fulfil them. Plus, your mitzvah of tsitsis will be more complete as you will be able to remember the mitzvos when looking at them. (MB 4)